Sunday, November 15, 2009

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Sunday, October 4, 2009

The Prophet is the best ideal to follow in your life…

He is the only personality in history to be followed in everything…

-If you are rich so follow the Prophet when he was a merchant traveling with his products between Hijaz and Ash-Sham and when he earned Bahrain's stores

-If you are poor so take him as an example when he was under blockade in the col (mountain pass) of Abu Taleb and when he emigrated to Madinah leaving his country without having anything…

-If you are a king so follow him in his "Sunna" (All his doings and sayings) when he guided the Arabs and was obeyed by all, even great personalities.

-If you are a weak person so take the Prophet as an example when he was accused in Makkah within the atheist system.

-If you are a conqueror, you can share part of his life when he conquered his enemy in the Battle of Badr, Honayn and Makkah

-If you are defeated, take a moral lesson from the Battle of Uhod when he (PBUH)was among his dead and wounded friends…

-If you are a teacher take him an example when he taught his companions in the Masjed.

-If you are a student or seeking for more education, follow him (PBUH) when he was sitting between Gabriel's hands learning and understanding his Message…

-If you are an advisor, faithful consulter so listen to him when he advised the people in his Masjed of Madinah…

-If you are an Orphan, you have to know that the Muhammad's father died before his birth and his mother when he (PBUH) was still a child…

-And as for children he was that cute and polite child living his first years with his child-minder Halima Assa'diyah …

-If you are young so read the biography of the shepherd of Makkah…

-If you are a merchant traveling with some goods, so notice the behaviors of the caravan's leader who went to Busra…

-If you are a judge or evaluator, so look at the Prophet's judgment when he went to Ka'ba and saw the leaders of the tribes about to kill each other because they were struggling about who is the one to put the black stone in its place, and the Prophet –of course- resolved the problem. And also when he was in Madinah judging equally between people no matter if they are rich or poor…

-If you are a husband so read the Prophet's biography about the honest life of Khadijah's and Aisha's husband.

-And if you are a father, so learn how to treat your children as he (PBUH) did with his daughters and grandchildren…

No matter who you are … you have the Prophet's biography; your guide and candle lightning the darkness of your daily life helping you to go through it to gain the hereafter….

He is indeed the greatest personality all over the world.


Thursday, October 1, 2009


Al Fiqh'Ala Al Madhahib Al Arab'a, Abdul Rahman Al Jazeeri, 1970, pp. 500-5345.Fiqhul Sunnah, Vol. 4, Sayed Sabiq, 1968, pp. 69-138.Sifat Salatul Nabi, 5th Edition, Mohammad Nasirul Deen, Al Albani, 1389 P. pp. 125.Riyadhul Saliheen, pp. 360-373, Cairo Edition.

There are five main points for the preparation of a Muslim's body for burial; we present briefly the procedure involved in each of them:

I. Body-Washing or "Ghusl"

Washing the deceased's body is obligatory on Muslims; it is a Fard Kifaya, i.e., if some members take the responsibility of doing it the need is fulfilled, but if no one fulfills it then all Muslims will be accountable.

Washing can be carried out in the following way:

  • A man's body should be washed by men and a women's by women, but a child's body may be washed by either sex. A husband can wash his wife's body and vice-versa if the need arises.
  • Only one person is needed for washing with someone to help and preferably those people who know the deceased.
  • Place the body on a high place, e.g., a table or something similar.
  • Remove the deceased's clothes (garments) leaving the private parts covered.
  • Press the stomach gently and clean whatever comes out.
  • For washing, use a piece of cloth or your hands.
  • Only clean water may be used; add some scented oils (nonalcoholic) in the final wash. It is preferable to use warm water.
  • Perform ablution (wudu) for the body, cleaning the teeth and nose from outside only.
  • Wash three times, but if the body needs more cleaning, continue washing five or seven times, but in it must be odd numbers.

Turn the body on its left side and begin washing the right side. Then turn it on its right side to wash the left side. This is done in each wash. The first and the second washes are done with water and soap, while the last one with water and scent.

  • Hair should be un-braided, washed and combed, For women it may again be braided in three braids.
  • Dry the body with a clean cloth or towel.
  • Add some perfume on the head, forehead, nose, hands, knees, eyes, armpits, and place perfumed cotton on the front and rear openings.

II. Wrapping (Kafan)

  • The cloth used for wrapping the body must be a clean (preferably white) and should cover the whole body.
  • Add some perfume to the kafan (non-alcoholic).
  • Do not use silk cloth for men.
  • Use three pieces of cloth for men and five for women, (each piece of cloth must cover the entire body.)
  • Tie the open cloth at the head and feet, with a piece of cloth (from the same kafan) in such a way that one can differentiate the head from the legs.

III. Prayers (Salat)

  • It is better that those praying divide themselves into three rows facing the qibla (Shortest distance to Makkah, Saudi Arabia) with the Imam in front.
  • Put the body (or bodies) in front of the Imam.
  • The Imam should stand by the middle of the body if the deceased is a man and by the shoulder if she is a woman.
  • If there is more than one body, then they should be put one in front of the other, those of the men nearest to the Imam and those of the women furthest from him.
  • Having the appropriate neeyat (intention to perform Burial Prayers) in your heart, raise your hands in the usual manner and say, Allahu Akbar.
  • Then fold and hold your hands on your breast in the usual manner, the right hand on the left.
  • Read al Fatiha quietly.
  • Say Allah Akbar without raising the hands.
  • Pray for the Prophet in the same way as you do in tashahud.
  • Say Allahu Akbar (do not raise your hands).
  • Make du'a for the deceased.
  • Say Allabu Akbar (do not raise your hands).
  • Make du'a for the Muslims.
  • Say Assalaamu 'Alaikum, thus finishing the prayer.

The entire burial prayer is done while one is standing, there are no raks or sujud in it.

Du'a for the deceased may be chosen from any of the prophetic du'as:

IV. Funeral

  • In the procession mourners should walk in front or beside the bier. Those who are riding or driving should follow it.
  • Silence is recommended.
  • It is absolutely forbidden to accompany the body with music or crying.

V. Burial

  • The grave should be deep, wide and well made. It is recommended that it consist of two excavations, one inside the other. It is recommended that the smaller one called lahd be dug on the side of the larger one facing the qibla
  • It is in this one that the body is put.
  • The deceased's body should be laid on the ground with the face toward the qibla, the direction of the Ka'aba.
  • While laying it say: Bismillah Wa A'la Milla Rasulallah
  • It is not recommended to use a casket unless there is a need for it, e.g., if the soil is very loose or wet. A stone, or bricks or some soil should be put under the deceased's head to raise it up.
  • Do not use a pillow or put anything with the deceased inside the grave.
  • Cover the lahd with bricks so that they become like a roof for it. Pour three handfuls of soil.
  • Fill the larger pit with soil. It is preferable that each one of those present share in this by pouring three handfuls of soil. Raise the level of the grave a little less than one foot in a sloping way.

References (all in Arabic):

Al Fiqh'Ala Al Madhahib Al Arab'a, Abdul Rahman Al Jazeeri, 1970, pp. 500-5345.Fiqhul Sunnah, Vol. 4, Sayed Sabiq, 1968, pp. 69-138.Sifat Salatul Nabi, 5th Edition, Mohammad Nasirul Deen, Al Albani, 1389 P. pp. 125.Riyadhul Saliheen, pp. 360-373, Cairo Edition.

This burial procedure has been edited from a hand out by The Muslim Student Association of the United States and Canada, titled "Preperation of the Deceased and Janazah Prayers".



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